What is bleeding mouth?

Your gums look more red than normal, swollen, and puffy. Gums present in the spaces between your teeth appear bulky. This is because your gums are inflamed due to slight irritation from the plaque and calculus buildup on the surfaces of your teeth. This makes the gums sensitive and bleeds even while performing activities like brushing, chewing or even with the slightest touch or pressure.

The intensity of bleeding gums depends on the degree of gum inflammation. The intensity of bleeding gums is less in mild cases of gum diseases ( gingivitis) and more in advanced cases (periodontitis).

Key facts on bleeding mouth


Bleeding gums is the first sign of unhealthy gums


Globally more than 50% of people suffer from bleeding gums


Improper brushing can cost you bleeding gums


Bleeding gums is normal for 1-2 weeks after getting a teeth  cleaning.


Bleeding gums can be prevented and cured with simple oral hygiene measures

What causes bleeding mouth?

Many of your habits can cause bleeding mouth.

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  • Brushing too hard.
  • Using a hard bristle toothbrush
  • Poor oral hygiene – Plaque and calculus build-up
  • Improper flossing.
  • Ill-fitting dentures or other dental appliances.

Medical Conditions

  • Any bleeding disorders.
  • Medications for blood thinners
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy.
  • Infection, which can be either in a tooth or the gum.
  • Leukemia, a type of blood cancer.
  • Scurvy, a vitamin C deficiency
  • Vitamin K deficiency


  • Bleeding gums as such are not inherited, but gum diseases are. So you actually may be prone to bleeding gums if it runs in your family.

Key facts on bleeding mouth

Common signs and symptoms

  • Swollen or puffy gums.
  • Dusky red or dark red gums.
  • Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss.
  • Bad breath.
  • Receding gums.
  • Tender gums.
  • Traces of blood while brushing your teeth

Consequences / long term impact if not addressed in time

  • Gum diseases – gingivitis
  • Periodontitis – disease of gums and jaw bone
  • Deepening of gum pockets and loose gum attachment
  • Receded gums
  • Mobile and loose teeth
  • Irreversible damage to gums and bone

Prone to which oral diseases

  • Early tooth loss

Prone to which overall diseases

  • Heart attacks
  • Diabetes
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Obesity
  • Osteoporosis
  • Complications of pregnancy- premature delivery
sensitive mouth man

At-home care (Habits)

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  • Use preferably a soft bristle toothbrush. Take care to avoid aggressive brushing
  • Using gentle brushing strokes to clean your teeth
  • Use less brushing pressure to brush your teeth
  • Massaging your gums daily can improve gum health
  • Vitamin A and E oils can be used to massage your gums
  • Including vitamin C in your diet can improve gum healing
  • Luke warm salt water rinses can be done daily to avoid spreading of gum infections


  • Avoid teeth whitening till complete healing of gum tissues
  • Avoid eating hot and spicy foods
  • Do not use any toothpastes that cause burning sensations in the mouth
  • Do not use alcoholic mouthwashes
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption at least till complete healing of gum tissues

Composition of Oral Care products required

  • Toothpaste – Anti-plaque toothpaste to remove plaque as it acts as local irritant to gum tissues.
  • Toothbrush – Ultra soft bristle tapered toothbrush to clean below the gum line.
  • Mouthwash- Non alcoholic pain relieving mouthwash that aids in speeding up the healing process.
  • Gum care – Gum massaging ointment containing hemostatic agent to stop bleeding
  • Floss – Waxed coating dental tape floss
  • Tongue cleaner – U-shaped / silicon tongue cleaner

Recommended Product Kit for Bleeding Mouth

Paradontax toothpaste



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thermoseal floss

Thermoseal floss


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Gubb Silicone Tongue Cleaner

Gubb Silicone


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Stolin gum astringent



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Treatment in the clinic (Hygiene & Corrective Treatments)

  • Regular teeth cleaning every 6 months
  • Deep teeth cleaning every 6 months.
  • Teeth polishing every 3 months
  • Laser/ Non laser gum contouring if required ( to reduce inflammation of gums )(One time)
  • Gum surgeries if required to increase gum support (One time)

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Curated by Expert Dentist- CustamizedOral Care Kit